What is the business visa?

Romanian visas for business purpose are long term visa, based on which you can enter Romania in order to carry out different types of commercial activities.

What types of business visas are there?

We will refer to the following categories as business visas in general:

  • Visa for Economic Activities (D/AE) – for professionals who have certain experience/training and could qualify under the Romanian legislation for PFA (registered sole trader)
  • Visa for Professional activities (D/AP) – for professionals who want to carry out their profession in Romania, but are not registered sole traders (e.g. lawyer, doctor)
  • Visa for Commercial activities (D/AC) – for shareholders of Romanian companies, who also have management/administration powers and plan to invest in Romania

Are there any special conditions?

In order to obtain the visa for economic activities (D/AE), you must prove that you are a registered sole trader in Romania. This registration can also be done in your name, remotely, by a lawyer.

For Professional activities (D/AP), you must go through the procedure of being accepted in the Romanian practice by the professional organization. These procedures differ from organization to organization, but a lawyer can help you with the documentation and make the procedure easier for you.

As for Commercial activities (D/AC), the procedure is quite complex – you need to develop a business plan which must receive prior approval from the public authorities. Also, the minimum investment starts from 150.000 Euro or 25 workplaces per shareholder.

Who should apply for a business visa?

All business visas are applicable for professionals or investors coming from outside the EU, generally referred to as third-country nationals.

How can I apply for the business visa?

You can apply for business visa at the Romanian embassy or consulate in your home country after you have all the documents.

The visa file must include a series of documents, the most important being the proof that you indeed want to carry out commercial activities in Romania.

How long can I stay in Romania based on this visa?

All business visas are long terms visas, which means you can stay here for a maximum of 90 days.

If you want to stay longer, you must apply for a Romanian residency permit at least 30 days before your visa expires, so in your first 60 days of legal stay.

If you overstay your visa you can get a fine. And if you overstay for a very long time, you can even get deported or, in some cases, even get banned from future travels to Romania.

Is a visa different from a residency permit?

Yes, a visa usually grants you the right to enter Romania and stay here for a limited time, in this case maximum 3 months. But if you want to live in Romania for a longer period, you will need a residency permit.

Therefore, the first step is to apply for a visa in your home country. And if you want to actually live in Romania, the second mandatory step is to apply for a Romanian residency permit at the Immigration Office (IGI) after you arrive in the country.

In all cases, our advice is to reach out to a specialised immigration lawyer in order to be sure that your visa application is processed without any issues.


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