Romania is an amazing country to visit, but besides that, it is a country that used to honor the law through the attorneys who dedicate themselves and continues to do so through the numerous lawyers who practice in the service of justice.


In the Bucharest Bar Association there are almost 9.000 active attorneys. Initially called the Ilfov Bar Association, it came through many changes over the years, from the modern organization between 1831-1865 to the European integration in 1989.

On the stairs of justice have walked some of the most memorable attorneys from Romania. We would like to present to you a part of the best lawyers in the country.

Most of them studied law at the University of Bucharest or at the University of Paris, coming back home and bringing their knowledge to the Romanian law table, or studying law at both universities, creating an even better understanding of the field.


SARMIZA BILCESCU

 

Born on April 27th in the year 1867, Sarmiza Bilcescu is starting her journey towards becoming an important feminine role-model from Romania.

As a young woman she began developing an interest for law education and therefore, she traveled to Paris to create an opportunity for herself. Receiving a great support from her mother, who traveled with her, she applied for the University of Paris, after receiving a degree at University of Bucharest in 1887.

Sarmiza Bilcescu’s demand to study has created a moment of confusion for the leading board, as Edmond Louis Armand Colmet De Santerre expressed the worry of her not being well received by the other students. Even having these into consideration, the board finally accepted her application, Sarmiza becoming the first woman to ever attend the Faculty of Law from the University of Paris.

Even though she became an official law student, some poor reception was still faced by her when the doorman did not allow her to enter the building. She expressed her disappointment by using the motto Liberté, égalité, fraternité in her favor.

After finishing her first year, she received a better perception from the students, Edmond Louis Armand Colmet De Santerre mentioning Sarmiza’s “relentlessness beyond all praise and exemplary conduct”.

Sarmiza Bilcescu was also one of the first European women to obtain a PhD in law, with her thesis titled De la condition légale de la mère which translates to “On the Legal Condition of the Mother”.

In 1890 she received the license to practice law and with the help of Constantin Dissescu, she was admitted in the bar association in Romania, Ilfov Bar Association in 1891, receiving full honors.

Although she was highly appreciated, she retired soon because the potential clients would not trust her. Instead, she was active in feminist circles, demanding better education for women and being a founder member of Societatea Domnișoarelor Române (The Society of Romanian Young Ladies).

After retirement, she married Constantin Alimănișteanu and the journalist Mihail Fărcășanu published her biography under the name of Mihail Villara, after her death on August 26th, 1935, honoring her life.


NICOLAE TITULESCU

Born in Craiova on March 4th 1882, he was raised by his parents, Ion Titulescu and Maria Urdăreanu, and has spent his childhood in another part of the country, on his father’s estate.

Nicolae Titulescu graduates Carol I High School from Craiova with excellent grades and is being awarded a scholarship in Paris. He decides to study law at the University of Paris. After five years he obtained a doctorate in law with the thesis Essai sur une théorie des droits éventuels which translates to Essay on a theory of possible rights.

Coming back in Romania he became a university teacher of law at the University of Iași and in 1907 he moves to Bucharest where he will reserve a place in the history books.

Titulescu focused his power on the fundamental problems of the external politics of Romania. From 1921 he worked as a permanent delegate of the country and his plans were to manifest equality between states, collective security and the prevention of aggression. All of this made him close to the Minister of Foreign Affairs of URSS, Maxim Litvinov.

The new friendship and his new ideas were not welcomed by the Romanian party. The delegate received negative feedback on his actions and was no longer seen with the same appreciation.

And so, on August 29th, 1936, the king Carol The Second, under the pressure of the government and his allies, oriented to relationships with Germany, exiled Nicolae Titulescu from the country.

He moved to Switzerland and then to France, but he continued to write and share his ideas about the preservation of peace and the anticipation of a new war.

Nicolae Titulescu dies on March 17th 1941, in Cannes, remaining memory in Romanian history by being a diplomat, lawyer, Romanian politician, Minister of Finance.


These great lawyers and many others had created a door of opportunity for the new generation of hundreds of Romanian attorneys to create, develop and improve the law field. Today, the law firms practice in many fields of the law, along with well-prepared attorneys from all of the Romanian Faculties of Law.


 

Otilia Pavel

Intern R&R Partners